Conveying pipes are used in pneumatic conveying to send the product from a point A to a point B. There design is resulting from the considerations of different inputs or constraints.
Among the constraints are the aspects related to the performance of the conveying system and its influence on products. This will fix the pipe diameter but also the design of the bends of the pipe layout.
Some inputs will have also to be done by the plant operator, especially regarding the type of pipe clamping to be used or the length of pipe sections.
Different types of pipe connections are available in the market. The main ones are the following : SMS connections, Morris clamps and flanges. The decision to go for one or the other will depend on the service conditions of the conveying line, the habits of the plant operator but also the confidence on the reliability of the conveying line - if the product to be transported is very difficult and blockages are expected, it is better to have quick dismantling connections.
Table 1 : Different types of piping connections and their advantages and drawbacks
|Type of clamp||Picture||Pros||Cons|
Easy to dismantle and clean the pipe
|More expensive - need to have threaded pipes
Sometimes difficult to have a tight connection
|Morris coupling||Less sensitive to pipe alignement vs SMS
No need to have threaded pipe
|Long to dismantle
Not always easy to adjust
|Flange||Tighter connection, can be qualified for high pressures
Long lasting - usually preferred when the pipes goes over long distance outside building
|Very Long to dismantle
Not always easy to adjust
Need to change the gasket at each opening
The design of pipe bends is of particular importance for lean phase conveying where the product is circulated at high velocity. When hitting the bends some products will be damages - fragiles powder breaking and forming fines,
In order to avoid such phenomena, the radius of the bend must not be too sharp. As a general rule, the ratio Bend Radius / Pipe diameter should not be below 10.
Deciding on the pipe section length will mainly depends on the service which is expected for the pipe. If it is expected to be dismantled often for cleaning for example, then short pipe sections are recommended. On the contrary, if the system is not expected to be dismantled, while conveying a single and well known product for instance, then it will be economically sounder to have longer sections.
As a rule of thumbs :
- High frequency for dismantling : pipe section length < 6 m
- No dismantling expected : pipe section > 10 m
When having to dismantle pipes frequently, specific access may be foreseen in order to ensure a safe access to the piping.
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